Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes born 30 March 1746 fuendetodos, Aragon, Spain and died 16 April 1828 Bordeaux, France. He was a romantic painter and printmaker considered the most important Spanish artist of late 18th and early 19th centuries. He was court painter to the Spanish Crown in 1786 but suffered illness in 1793 that left him completely deaf. After this his work became progressively darker and more pessimistic. In 1807 Napoleon invaded Spain. Goya remained in Madrid during the Peninsular War which deeply affected him and resulted in his “Disasters of War” series.